På Svenska


Christina Ramberg

Born 1962, Sweden


Main University Employments

2011 Professor of Private Law at Stockholm University

1998 Professor of Commercial Law, Gothenburg University, Sweden.

1997 Docent in Private Law, Gothenburg University

1994 Senior Lecturer in Private Law, Gothenburg University

1992 Doctor in Private Law, Stockholm University

1987 Lecturer in Private Law, Stockholm University

1986–1989 Lecturer in Private law, University of Karlstad

1984–1986 Junior judge at the District Court of Justice in Kristianstad

1984 Master of Law at the Stockholm University


Ongoing research

-       Contributor to a project on comparative contract law at Oxford University (Birke Haecker)

-       Editor of a book on precedents with contributors from ten countries (publisher Intersentia)

-       A new edition of Aktieägaravtal (Shareholders’ Agreement)


Other Employments and Assignments

Regularly appointed as arbitrator in Swedish and International arbitration (since 1996)

Regularly appointed as expert reporter on Swedish law in arbitrations, Swedish and foreign courts (since 1992)

2007–2009 Full time attorney at Vinge Law Firm

2006 Appointed as full time judge in the West Sweden Appeal Court (Hovrätten för Västra Sverige)

2002 Holder of the G.J. Wiarda Chair at the University of Utrecht

2001–2002 Professor of International Commercial Law at the Stockholm School of Economics

2000–2002 Guest Professor at Riga Graduate School of Law

2000–2001 Guest professor at Tulane University Summer School in Amsterdam,

2000 Guest Professor at ISUFI, Lecce, Italy

1999 Visiting Professor at Tulane University, New Orleans



2010 Accredited CEDR Mediator

2009 The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce Arbitration Institute's programme in international arbitration

2007–2010 The courses for the Swedish Bar Association examination (not the examination)

1992 Juris doktor (LL.M) in private law, Stockholm University

1984 Master of Laws, Stockholm University


Board Director Appointments etc. (present)

External chairman for the National Board for consumer complaints (since 2023)

Board member of Centrum för Rättvisa (Center of Justice) (since 2021)

UNIDROIT Law Review, Advisory Board member (since 2012)

Journal of European Private Law, member of the editorial board (since 2011)

Member of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences in Göteborg (Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället) (since 2005)


Board Director Appointments (past)

Svensk Juristtidning (2013–2022)

Member of the ICSID Panel of Conciliators (2013–2019)

Member to the Advisory Council for the Court Academy (Rådet till Domstolsakademin) (2015)

Member of the Swedish Better Regulation Council (2009–2014)

FAR Akademi AB (board member 2005–2014)

The Swedish National Committee to the Nordiska Juristmötena (board member 2005–2014)

The Swedish Science Council – law (Vetenskapsrådet, member of an expert group, 2013, 2000–2003)

Member of the research board for The Swedish Consumer Bureau (governmental body) (2012–2014)

The Stockholm Chamber of Commerce Mediation Institute (2009–2013)

SIGMA AB (Publ.) (board member 2001–2012)

Länsförsäkringar Fondförvaltning AB (board member 2011–2012)

Länsförsäkringar Liv AB (board member 2003–2011, deputy chairman 2004–2011)

CONNECT-Väst AB (board member 2002­–2011)

The Foundation for Commercial Law in Gothenburg (secretary general 1998–2010)

Member of the Coordinating Committee for a European Civil Code (1998 - 2009)

Göteborgs Högre Samskola, a private undergraduate school (board member 1999–2008)

The Swedish Bar Association’s Educational Committee (2001–2007)

Västsvenska industri- och handelskammarens skiljeråd (2005–2007), an arbitration institute

TradEasy (board member 2005–2006)

The Arbitration Association in Gothenburg (board member 1997–2004)

The Swedish Shareholder’s Association (Sveriges Aktiesparares Riksförbund) (board member 2000–2004)

The Swedish Society for Comparative Law (chairman 2002–2004)

The IT-Commission’s Legal Observatory (a governmental body) (1999–2003)

eCare AB (board member 2000–2002)

VINNOVA (a research council for IT-research) (2001)

West Sweden’s Think Tank on Electronic Commerce (1998–1999)


Various Expert Assignments

Expert to the Swedish government on the proposal for legislation about some issues regarding IT-law and Chapters 14–15 in the Penal Code (2005).

Expert Reporter to the European Commission DB Enterprise on B2B Unfair Trading Practices in e-markets (2004) and Internet Trading Platforms – opportunities and barriers for SME’s (2003)

Reporter to UNIDROIT regarding aspects of electronic commerce in relation to the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (2002)

Reporter to the CISG (Convention on the International Sale of Goods) Advisory Board regarding e-commerce (2001–2003)

Expert to the ICC (International Chamber of Commerce in Paris) Project on Electronic Commerce (1998–2003)

Head of the Swedish delegation at the UNCITRAL Working Group on Electronic Commerce (1996–2001)

Expert in elaborating the ETSI standard for electronic signatures (2000)

Expert to the Swedish government legislation on electronic signatures (1997–1999) and in relation to the E-Commerce Directive (1999–2000) and regarding Procurement on-line (1999)

Expert to the Bermuda government legislation on electronic commerce (1999)

Expert to SEIS and its policy for electronic signatures (1998)

UNESCO Expert on Cyberspace law (1998)



Ongoing Stockholm University: Bachelor the introduction to the law programme and the course in contracts and obligations, Master programme in International Commercial Arbitration, Master course in International Contracting, Master course in Law & Literature

Doctorate supervisor for LLM doctors: Yan Wang, Svante O Johansson, Torbjörn Odlöw, Sebastian Siegl

Speaker at seminars at inter alia the Universities of Helsinki, Oslo, Copenhagen, The Business School of Copenhagen, Hamburg, HEC (Paris,) The London School of Economics, University of Freiburg, Edinburgh, Luzern, Aarhus, The International Chamber of Commerce, Paris, Passau, Amsterdam, Maastricht, Warwick, Oxford, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Columbia Law School (New York).


Prizes etc

- Best Teacher at the Gothenburg School of Economics and Law 2000

- Awarded “Lawyer of the Year” 2011, elected most admired lawyer in Sweden (Legally Yours)

- Awarded “Innovator of the Year” 2014, for developing new teaching products (by Norstedts Juridik, formerly the Swedish branch of Kluwer)

- The forth Ole Lando Memorial Lecture, Madrid 2022



- books (monographs)

15. Rättskällorna en introduktion i kritiskt tänkande, Norstedts juridik 2018

14. Prejudikat som rättskälla i förmögenhetsrätten, Kluwer 2017

13. Bisarr rättsfilosofi, Stockholm 2012

12. Aktieägaravtal i praktiken, Norstedts juridik 2011

11. Civilrätt, Liber 2022

10. Kontraktsrätten – en introduktion, Norstedts juridik 2005

9. Kontraktstyper, Norstedts juridik 2005

8. Erfarenheter – som kan vara till nytta för doktorander i juridik, Jure 2003

7. Avtalsrätten. En introduktion, 8 th edition, Norstedts Juridik 2022 (co-author with J Ramberg)

6. Allmän avtalsrätt, 12th edition, Norstedts Juridik 2022 (co-author with J Ramberg)

5. Internet Marketplaces – The Law of Auctions and Exchanges Online, Oxford University Press 2002

4. Elektronisk handel och avtalsrätt, Norstedts juridik 1998

3. Reklamation vid kontraktsbrott, Juristförlaget 1996

2. Upplysningsplikt vid ingående av avtal, Juristförlaget 1993

1. Kontraktsbrott vid köp av aktie — särskilt om fel, Ph.D. thesis, Juristförlaget 1992


- contributions in books

39. Tilläggsköpeskilling och lojalitet vid företagsöverlåtelser, Stockholm Center for Commercial Law Årsbok XIV, Red Schultz m.fl.

38. Anne Ramberg ett ideal för 2000-talets jurist? in Vänbok till Anne Ramberg, 2019

37. Jan Rambergs liv som jurist, in Skrifter till Jan Rambergs minne, Ed. A.H. Persson & M Karlsson Tuula, 2019

36. Digital Content - A Digital CESL II - A paradigm för Contract law via the backdoor?, in European Contract Law in the Digital Age, Ed. Stefan Grundmann, Intersentia 2018

35.The Rules on Standard Terms in UNIDROIT Principles: Miplaced and Misleading,  in Eppur si muove: The Age of Uniform Law. Essays in honour of Michael Joachim Bonell, UNIDROIT Rome 2016

34. Emotional Non-Conformity in the International Sales of Goods, Particularly in Relation to CSR-Policies and Codes of Conduct, in Boundaries and Intersections 5th Annual MAA Schlechtriem CISG Conference, Ed I Schwenzer & L Spagnolo, Eleven, 2014

33. CSR-villkor och avtalsrättsliga normer, Contribution to Nordiskt Juristmöte 2014

32. Ole Lando, Djingis Kahn and Memetics, in Liber Amoricum Ole Lando, Copenhagen 2012

31. The Practioners' Problems in Finding the Law Relating to CISG - Hardship, Defect Goods and Standard Terms, in Scandinavian Studies in Law, Stockholm 2012

30. Torgny och guldägget - En saga om ogiltighet och återgång av prestation som är utsatt för prisvariationer, in Festskrift till Torgny Håstad, Justus 2010

29. Contract Law and Obligations, in Swedish Legal System, Ed M Bogdan, Norstedts juridik 2010

28. Swedish Report in Precontractual Liability (the Trento project), Ed J. Cartwright and M. Hesselink, Cambridge University Press 2009

27. Chapters on Contracts and Obligations, in Swedish Law, 2022 and 2010, Norstedts juridik

26. International Contracts – Harmonization of Commercial Law by Conventions, Soft Law and Individual Contracts, in Corporate and Employment Perspectives in a Global Business Environment, Ed Roger Blanpain, Kluwer Law 2006

25. Avtal om abort – pactum turpe? in Avtalslagen 90 år, Ed B Flodgren m.fl., Norstedts 2005

24. Chapter on Köp av varor och tjänster in Juridik till vardags, Ed. Rolf Höök, Wahlström & Widstrand 2005

23. Chapters 6 Designing a legal interface for contracting on the Internet and Chapter 9 Dispute resolution on the Internet – particularly in auctions and exchanges online, in IT Law for IT Professionals – an introduction, Ed. Cecilia Magnusson Sjöberg, Studentlitteratur, 2005

22. Chapter 13, E-commerce, in Towards a European Civil Code, 3d fully revised and expanded edition, Eds. A Hartkamp, Hesselink, E Hondius, C Joustra, E du Perron, M Veldman, Kuwer 200421. Part 3 Chapter 1

21. Electronic Communication, in The Interaction of Contract Law and Tort and Property Law in Europe - A Comparative Study, Ed Christian von Bar and Ulrich Drobnig, Sellier 2004

20. Kan transportavtal slutas på Internet? in Nya och gamla perspektiv på transporträtten, Ed. Svante O Johansson, 2003

19. Kap 2 Ingående av avtal mellan parter från olika länder, in Internationella avtal – i teori och praktik, 2d Ed, Ed. Carl Svernlöv, Stockholm 2013

18. Den autonoma marknadsplatsen, in Den nya marknaden, Observatorierapport 59/2003 IT-kommissionen, 2003

17. Contracting on the Internet – Trends and Challenges for Law, in Law and Information Technology. Swedish views, SOU 2002:112

16. Multilateral Contracts in Closed Internet Communities, in Konkurrens och telekommunikation, Nordisk årsbok i Rättsinformatik, Ed. Tomas Myrbostad, 2002

15. Elaborating International Instruments: Policies and Key Terminology, in Wandlungen des Schuldrechts, Ed. Peter Schlechtriem, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft 2002

14. The E-Commerce Directive and Formation of Contract in a Comparative Perspective, in Legal Aspects of Electronic Commerce, Eds. Jens Fejö m.fl., Jurist & Ekonomförbundets Förlag 2001

13. Allmän avtalsrätt, in Svensk rätt – en översikt, Iustus 2001

12. EU Contract Law, Swedish report, Ed Whincup,3d, 4th and 5th edition, Kluwer 2006

11. Interpretation of Legal Texts in an Electronic Environment, in Recht und Internet, Ed. Gerhard Hohloch, Nomos 2001

10. Developing Legal Systems and Good Morals for the Internet, in The International Dimensions of Cyberspace Law, UNESCO Publishing 2000

9. Contracts, Obligations and Sales – Contribution to Swedish Law in the New Millennium, Ed.Michael Bogdan, Stockholm 2000

8. Swedish report in A New Approach to International Commercial Contracts, The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Ed Michael Joachim Bonell, Kluwer, 1999.

7. Konsumentskydd på Internet – rättsekonomiska synpunkter, Den flerdimensionella konsumenten – en antologi om svenska konsumenter, Ed. Karin M Ekström och Håkan Forsberg, Tre Böcker Förlag, 1999, p. 20

6. Developing Legal Rules and Good Morals for the Internet, Informatics in the Next Millenium, Essays in Honor of Bo Dahlbom, Ed. Fredrik Ljungberg, 1999, p. 179

5. Moral på Internet — avtalsrättsliga och upphovsrättsliga synpunkter, Festskrift till G Karnell 1999 p. 305

4. Standardavtal och avtalsinnehåll, Ånd og rett, Festskrift till Birger Stuevold Lassen, Universitetforlaget, Oslo 1997 p. 459.

3. Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts som alternativ till lagvalsklausul, Festskrift till Jan Sandström, Nerenius & Santerus 1997, p. 253

2. Slutande av avtal med moderna kommunikationsmedel, Festskrift till Jan Ramberg, Juristförlaget 1997 p. 257

1. EU Contract Law, Swedish report, Ed Whincup, 3d edition, Kluwer 1996


- articles in law journals

58. Ole Lando Memorial Lecture: The Interaction Between Soft Law and Case Law: How Precedents Fulfil Ole Lando’s Ambitions to Harmonize European Contract Law, ERPL Vol 31, 1-2023 s. 3.

57. The Emergence of Binding Precedents in Brazil, China, France and Sweden, Wisconsin International Law Journal, Vol. 40, 2022, p. 1 (med R Barioni, B Fauvarque-Cosson, Qiao Liu)

56. Hur identifieras rättsregler i HD:s prejudikat? SvJT 2022 s. 519

55. Vigilansprincipen i förmögenhetsrätten, SvJT 2021 s. 373 (co author with Andreas Norlén)

54. Skadestånd vid avtalsbrott, SvJT 2020 s. 589

53. Avtalsrätten och rättskällorna - med passivitet som illustration, SvJT 2019 s. 272

52. Prejudikat som rättskälla, SvJT 2017 s. 773

51. Fullmakten och döden, SvJT 2017 s. 464

50. Case Note Penalty Clauses, ERPL 1-2017 [241–254]

49. En stor avtalsrättslig reform i Frankrike, SvJT 2016 s. 649

48. Avtalslagen 100 år, SvJT 2015 s. 561

47. Licensavtal, allmän avtalsrätt och Eric M Runesson, SvJT 2015 s. 125

46. Experter i skiljeförfaranden, Swedish Arbitration Association days, SvJT 2014 s. 892 - 896

45. The UNIDROIT Principles as a means of interpreting domestic law, Uniform Law Review 2014, 1-7

44. UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts - anteckningar från 20-årsjubileet i Rom 9-10 maj 2014, SvJT 2014 s. 578

43. Ansvaret för den som förhandlar för alla aktieägares räkning vid försäljning av aktier, för Lexnov August 2014

42. HD:s moderna fullmaktslära, JT 2013–14 s. 406

41. Lojalitet i svensk och engelsk avtalsrätt, Tidsskrift for Retttsvitenskap, 2013, p. 521

40. Agreed form requirements in international construction contracts: is enrichment irrelevant? In Uniform Law Review 2013 1-2039.

39. Prelimiminära skiljedomar, with C Danielsson and EM Runesson, JT 2012-13 s. 452.

38. Anmälan av Grönfors & Dotevall, Avtalslagen, SvJT 2012 s. 309

37. Skiljedom om jämkning av ansvarsbegränsning, reklamation, rådgivaransvar, skadeståndsberäkning och prisavdrag, JT 2010-– s. 918

36. En ny avtalslag, i SvJT 2011 s. 32 – 56

35. The duty to Renegotiate an International Sales Contract under CISG in Case of Hardship and the Use of the Unidroit Principles, European Law Review 1-2011 (101-154)

34. Reklamation mot advokater och revisorer, Svensk Juristtidning 2010 s. 142

33. Uppsägningstid vid långvariga samarbetsavtal, Svensk Juristtidning 2010 s. 94

32. Distribution – ny lagstiftning och praxis om kommission, handelsagentur och återförsäljare, Expert comment to LexNova 2009

32. Är revisorn som rådgivare kundens vän eller fiende? Balans 2009:11

31. Nya avtalsrättsliga regler, Expert comment to LexNova 2009

30. Direktkrav, Expert comment to LexNova 2009

29. Reklamation - nya fall från Högsta domstolen, Expert comment to LexNova 2009

28. Several smaller articles on www.dagensjuridik.se (since 2007)

27. National Report Sweden, ERCL European Review of Contract Law, 2006 p. 506

26. Electronic Commerce in the Context of the European Contract Law Project, In ERA- Forum Scripta Iuris Europaei, Special Issue 2006

25. Electronic Commerce in the Context of the European Contract law, ERA-Forum scripta iuris europaei Special issue 2006

24. Kurt Grönfors in memoriam, SvJT 2005 s. 1120

23. E-Commerce, International Court of Arbitration Bulletin Special Supplement 2005 UNIDROIT Principles: New Developments and Applications

22. Comment to Final Arbitral Award rendered in 2003 in SCC case 71/2002, Stockholm Arbitration Report 2004:2 p 191 – 210

21. Mot en gemensam europeisk civillagstiftning, SvJT 2004, s. 459

20. CISG-AC, Opinion no 1: Electronic Communications under CISG, 15 August 2003; Also translated into Spanish and published in RCE (Revista de la Contratacion Electronica, number, 44, 2003, December, pp101-115; Also published in Scandianvian Studies in Law, Vol 47, 2004, IT Law, Ed by Peter Wahlgren.

19. Book Review of Jan H. Dalhuisen, Dalhuisen on International Commercial, Financial and Trade Law, Uniform Law Review 2001–2 p. 440.

18. The E-Commerce Directive and formation of contract in a comparative perspective, European Law Review. October 2001 p. 429

17. European and U.S. Perspectives on Electronic Documents and Electronic Signatures, Tulane European and Civil Law Forum, Vol. 14, 1999, p. 123

16. Ny distansavtalslag, JT 2000–01 s. 48

15. Requirements of Writing and Signature in Relation to Electronic Means of Communication, Molengrafica, Utrecht 1999/2000 Ed F.W. Grosheide and K. Boele-Woelki

14. Bolagsstämma on-line, JT 1998–99 s. 845

13. Digital signatur – internationella utvecklingstendenser, Nordisk årsbok i rättsinformatik 1998, s 163

12. Konsumentskydd på Internet — rättsekonomiska synpunkter, JT 1998–99 s. 80

11. Anm av Ingrid Arnesdotter, Moderna Betalningsmetoder, och Bert Lehrberg, Moderna betalningsformer, SvJT 1998 s. 604

10. A New Approach to International Commercial Contracts: The UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, Swedish national report to the 15thInternational Congress of Comparative Law, Bristol 1998

9. Bidrag till Ds 1988:14 Digitala signaturer en teknisk och juridisk översikt

8. Harmonisering av svensk förmögenhetsrätt "Towards a European Civil Code", JT 1997–98 s. 393 (översättning, bearbetning och anpassning till svenska förhållanden av en originaltext av Joseph Lookofsky)

7. Digitala signaturer, Juridisk Tidskrift 1996–97 s. 876

6. Internationaliseringen av svensk avtalsrätt – Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts, JT 1995–96 s. 655

5. Anm av Mads Bryde Andersen, Praktisk aftaleret, JT 1995–96 s. 475

4. Anm av Kurt Grönfors, Avtal och omförhandling, SvJT 1995 s. 366

3. Köplagens tillämplighet på fel i patent, JT 1994–95 s. 687

2. Lojalitetsplikten i avtalsförhållanden — närmare bestämt upplysningsplikten rörande rådighetsinskränkningar vid köp av kiosk-rörelse, JT 1991–92 s. 701

1. Några synpunkter på ansvaret för styrelseledamöter i aktiebolag, SvJT 1990 s. 635